Electricity has been central to the growth and prosperity of human societies; however, the human population is expanding. By year 2050, projections indicate there will be 9 billion people on the planet. How will we meet the electricity needs of these people? Solar energy has long been regarded as an ideal form of alternative energy. In this course, the students will learn the fundamentals of solar cells, including semiconductor devices, introductory quantum mechanics, and solar cell operation. Next generation technologies will be discussed, such as thin-film, quantum-dot, and organic solar cells. Practical aspects include a mini-solar car challenge and construction of blueberry nanocrystalline titanium dioxide solar cells. Students will also tour the Kortright Center for Conservation, BlueSky Solar Racing (U of T’s solar car team) and the Advanced Photovoltaics & Devices Lab.