Many proteins, including enzymes, have substantial applications in various industries such as biofuel, detergents, pharmaceuticals and food sections. Proteins are large biomolecules that have specific functions in living organisms; however, in order to be used in an industrial setting, they need to meet/tolerate the required conditions. Advances in current molecular biology knowledge and techniques enable us to program the performance of proteins based on our needs. This course will explore three common techniques that are used in various industries and research labs to alter/enhance stability, production yield and overall efficiency of proteins. In addition to educational lectures, students will run an enzyme activity assay, which is a fundamental lab technique in microbiology, and then create an applied device based on their assay. They will also visit UofT research labs that are performing protein engineering techniques to gain a better understanding of how these techniques solve real world.